Lesson 10

一, 以上 more than; above
以下 less than; below
“以上”means more than a certain number or above a certain point. “以下” mean less than a certain number or below a certain point
1. 你的文章要写三百字以上。
2. 他希望能在六分钟以下跑一英里。

二, 根本 at all; simply
“根本” is used in a negative sentence to make the negative more strongly emphatic
1. 为什么他说要带雨衣,今天根本没有下雨。
2. 昨天他摔断了胳膊,所以今天他根本不能打篮球。

三, 不过。。。罢了 only; just
“不过。。。罢了” refers to a scope or range, and indicates that something is as unimportant as possible
1. 他不太喜欢看足球比赛,只不过看了一两次罢了。
2. 我只不过去了商店买菜罢了,没有去特别的地方。

四, 一 。。。就 once; as soon as
“一 。。。就” indicates that some extent is reached or result obtained once the action in question has taken place
1. 他每天一起来就马上去洗澡。
2. 小百很怕狗,他一看一只狗就很快跑掉了。

五, 结果 as a result; in the end; finally
This is used in the second clause and means “consequently” or “as a result”
1. 他天晚上没有睡觉,结果今天在班上睡。
2. 小花说她会跟我去游泳,结果她没有来。

六, 便 then
This is used like “就”, but more often appears in written language
1. 他上便看到他的好朋友。
2. 只我帮她做功课,她便喜欢来我的家。

七,以至 so…that…; as a result
“以至” is used (with “于” or without “于”) in the second clause of a sentence and indicates a result caused by the previous situation
1. 他吃了很多糖果,以至他有许多蛀牙。
2. 他讲话讲得太快,以至于很多人听不懂他讲什么。

八, 弄, 搞
“弄” and “搞” are special verbs, which can substitute for various other verbs. Their meanings often change according to the different objects they take.
1. 他把那个花瓶弄坏了。
2. 我先在找一个搞游泳的人教我们怎么游。